One minute they’re laughing and another minute they’re sneezing. One minute they are very active and then a minute after they seem downhearted. When you check, your little one’s body temperature has reached 38 degrees. Children, especially in their early years, are commonly exposed to varying health issues, from cough and cold to fever, stomach problems, and infections. That’s because they spend most of their time close to the ground. In addition, hand-to-mouth activities often leave children vulnerable to disease-causing viruses and bacteria.
Understanding how infections spread and transmitted can help you and your children from getting sick. Remember that most microbes enter the body through the mouth, eyes, nose, genital passages, and wounds. The best way to fight pathogens is to stop them from entering the body.
Viruses and bacteria are everywhere. That’s the sad truth. But that doesn’t mean you can’t do something to protect your little ones from the health problems they bring. Viruses and bacteria are the most common sources of health issues in children. The following are some helpful tips and suggestions to help your children fight viruses and bacteria at home, at school, and in any other place.
Strengthen their immunity
A healthy child is less likely to get sick. There are many ways to boost your child’s immunity. First, you should make sure that they are getting enough nourishment from their diet. Avoid feeding your child processed foods. Their diet should contain plenty of whole foods, particularly fruits and vegetables. Giving them probiotics and other supplements will also help. Ask your paediatrician about supplements and vitamins that you can give to your little ones. Also, don’t be too anxious when your kids are playing with dirt. Allowing them to play in “natural environments” (such as your garden, at the park, or in the sand) helps strengthen their immune system, according to experts.
Teach them proper hygiene
Teach your children proper hygiene as early as possible. This should include proper hand washing (which is the best way to prevent contagious diseases from spreading), brushing their teeth at least twice a day, and taking baths regularly. Once they are able to incorporate these in their daily routine, their risk of getting ill will greatly reduce. Make these activities fun for your children so they will enjoy practising proper hygiene and will do it willingly.
Keep your home clean
A clean environment means fewer viruses and bacteria. Keep your home clean all the time. Change linens and sheets regularly, sweep and vacuum floors, and sanitise objects, especially those that come in contact to your children, such as their toys. Speaking of toys, you want to use high-level disinfectant because they often put these things in their mouth. Always keep a pile of disinfecting wipes nearby so you can easily clean surfaces every now and then (especially those that your sick toddler has touched). The bathroom should be cleaned everyday too. Bacteria easily thrive in damp environments. Installing exhaust fans or leaving the window open for a few minutes each day will greatly help tone down the moisture which feeds viruses and bacteria.
Practice proper food preparation techniques
Germs can enter a child’s body through food. Food-borne infection is very common among children. You can prevent this by preparing and storing food safely. Cook food thoroughly. Use a separate chopping board for uncooked (raw) food like meat. Wash your hands before and after preparing food and defrost food only in the refrigerator or microwave. If you have some leftover food from the previous day, make sure to reheat them properly before serving to your family, especially your kids.
Take travel precautions
Travelling is such a great family activity. But if you are not careful enough, your children could be exposed to so many health problems. Always bring disinfecting wipes, hand sanitiser, and hygiene kit wherever you go. Pack bottled water and snacks for your kids too. It is very important that your little ones are updated with their immunisations before travelling, especially overseas.
Keep them away from ill people
If someone is coughing or sneezing, keep your little one away from that person. Viral infections are very contagious and spread easily from person to person. If your child or toddler suffers from viral or bacterial infection, do not take them to public places to prevent the spread of disease.
It’s not fun to take care of a sick toddler. It’s really stressful for parents to see their children pale, sad, and unwell. While you can’t fully protect your little ones from getting sick from time to time, there are things you can do to increase their immunity against infections and diseases caused by viruses and bacteria. Aside from the tips mentioned here, always take your kids to regular checkups to get further advice on keeping them safe and healthy.
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